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Life assurance policy types - a handy guide for you

Whole of life policies are designed to provide life assurance coverage for an individual’s whole life, rather than a specified term. They contain a savings component, the idea of which is to build up a fund in the early years which will subsidise the life assurance cost in the later years. A fixed death benefit is paid to the beneficiary, this is either the sum assured or the value of the investment pot, whichever is the greater.

 

Premiums are usually fixed for the first 10 years of the policy, and each 5 years thereafter, after which the policy is reviewed and the premiums or the sum assured may need to be amended depending upon investment returns. Management fees also eat up a portion of the premiums.

 

Whole of life policies can be useful for some people to provide for an inheritance tax liability.

Whole of life assurance

Term assurance is generally the cheapest – and simplest – form of life assurance. You insure yourself for a set term – until a loan is paid off, for example. It doesn’t contain any investment element – it simply promises to pay out if you die within the term. If you don’t die within that time, you receive nothing.

 

Term policies can either be level or decreasing. A level policy simply means the sum assured remains ‘level throughout the term of the policy. If you die on the first day of the policy, you get exactly the same sum as you would if you died near the end of the policy. A decreasing term assurance policy on the other hand, will pay out more at the beginning of the policy than it would at the end.

Term assurance

For help and advice on the right life assurance for you, give Lincoln Financial Services a call on:

0800 587 4523

This deals with protecting your business from the adverse financial effects of the death of a key person, partner or shareholder. Business cover can be especially important to smaller companies whose reliance on key individuals for profit may be greater than large corporates.

 

There are two main types of business cover, key man and partnership assurance / director share purchase.

 

Key man is used to inject a lump sum of cash into the business in the event of the loss of a ‘key person’. Partnership / director share purchase deals with protecting the families and co-owners in the event of the death of one of the partners / directors.

Business cover assurance

Mortgage protection is a kind of term assurance specifically designed to repay, on death, during the term, the amount outstanding on a ‘capital and interest’ repayment mortgage. In other words, if the policyholder(s) die prematurely, the outstanding loan amount on the mortgage will be repaid in full.

 

Some policies have rider benefits, which are extra sorts of cover, added on to the principal life cover. Such benefits include:

 

• Waiver of premium benefit – the premiums are in effect paid for you in the event of defined incapacity due to illness

• Income protection benefit – a percentage of your income is paid to you if you cannot work at your usual employment

• Unemployment benefit – a variety of income protection benefit

• Critical illness cover – the benefit is paid before death on the diagnosis of life shortening disease (e.g. cancer). This benefit may replace the death benefit, or it may be paid as well.

 

All these riders cost extra and are only paid subject to meeting criteria.

Mortgage protection assurance